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A varicocele is an abnormal expansion and twisting of the venous network above the testicles. Varicocele is the most common correctable cause of infertility in men.

Grading of varicocele:

Grade 1: The veins are palpable when pressing

Grade 2: The veins are palpable while standing

Grade 3: Veins are visible when standing

Treatment of varicocele:

Varicocele is a benign disease, but there is no drug treatment and the only treatment method is surgery. The decision to operate depends on various factors such as: the severity of the disease, the age of the patient, and the fertility status (marriage and having or not having children). If varicocele is associated with sperm test disorder, it still needs to be operated.

Varicocele surgery, or varicocelectomy as it is called in medicine, is to close the veins of the affected testicles. After these veins are blocked, the blocked veins gradually shrink and disappear due to the lack of blood movement, and the varicocele is removed. This procedure can be done through a small incision on the skin of the abdomen, 2-4 cm long.

Care after surgery:
  • You will be discharged the morning after the operation after changing the dressing.
  • Change the dressing daily at home.
  • Take the medicines prescribed by the doctor according to the instructions.
  • You can start walking and daily activities from the day after the operation
  • Avoid heavy physical activities and long standing for 1 week.
  • You can take a bath one day after the operation.
  • It is better to have intercourse from the seventh day onwards.
  • The stitches are removed 7-10 days after the surgery.
Warning signs :

If you have any of the following, see your doctor immediately:

  • Wound pain or infection
  • Swelling, bleeding or dead blood around the operation area

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